One of the main reason for lacklustre performance of power sector is the inability of state electricity boards to purchase power generated resulting in losses and hampering investment. To counter this NDA government in 2015 has launched Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana to rescue almost bankrupt state electricity retailers. It will rejig Rs 4.3 lakh crore debt of the utilities besides introduce measures to cut power thefts and align consumer tariff with cost of generating electricity. The financial restricting exercise is being carried out for 21 states Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Jharkhand, Bihar and Telangana. The operational efficiency improvements will be brought in by compulsory smart metering, upgradation of transformers and meters to reduce electricity lost during transmission and distribution (or theft) from around 22 per cent to 15 per cent by 2018-19. The scheme is to be implemented through a voluntary process through MoU route.